The Elmwood Cemetery has close to 300 Civil War veterans, buried within the park-like setting. This Victorian garden cemetery with natural rolling hills is dotted with memorials and horse and buggy paths. The tour map shows the locations of all of the Civil War veterans. The notable veterans below are just a few of the many memorialized here:
John Baillie McIntosh 1829-1888 Brevet Major General – US Army
John Baillie McIntosh was a Civil War Union Brigadier General. Born in Florida on June 6, 1829, he first served in the Navy during the Mexican War but later joined the Union Army as a Second Lieutenant in the 2nd US Cavalry. McIntosh commanded the 2nd Brigade Cavalry Corps at Kelly’s Ford, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and was promoted Brigadier General in July, 1864. He retired as a Major General and died June 29, 1888 in New Brunswick.
Charles H. Bell 1798-1875 Commodore – US Navy
Rear Admiral Bell was born on August 15, 1798 in New York and was an officer in the United States Navy who served during the War of 1812, the Second Barbary War, and the American Civil War. At the beginning of the Civil War, he was in command of the Mediterranean Squadron of the U.S. Navy, but he received command of the Pacific Squadron in 1861, which he held for three years. He was promoted to commodore on July 16, 1862, and in 1864 was transferred to the command of ships serving on the James River in Virginia. He was promoted to Rear Admiral on July 25, 1866 and retired in 1868, after serving for three years as commander of the Brooklyn Navy Yard. He died in New Brunswick, New Jersey in 1875 at the age of 76.
Theodore Sandford Doolittle 1836-1893 Delegate – US Christian Commission
Theodore Sandford Doolittle was born November 30, 1836 in the town of Ovid, in Seneca County, New York. Doolittle became a student at Rutgers College in 1855, and graduated with highest honors as a member of the class of 1859. Doolittle’s served as a delegate of the U.S. Christian Commission in army camps and hospitals, chiefly in Virginia and then as the pastor of the Flatlands Dutch Reformed Church in Brooklyn, New York from 1862 to 1864. He joined the faculty of Rutgers College in 1864 and served briefly as acting President (September 1890-February 1891). He remained associated with the college until his sudden death on April 19, 1893.
John T. Hill 1836-1891 Major – 12th NJ Infantry
Maj. John T. Hill born in New Brunswick in 1836 and was a bank clerk in New York City. John T. Hill enlisted in the Union Army as Captain and commander of Company C, 11th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry on July 26, 1862. Captain Hill was transferred to the 12th NJ (also known as The Buck and Ball Regiment) and promoted to Major. He commanded the 12th New Jersey through the Gettysburg campaign, and played a significant part in the fighting on July 2 and 3, 1863. On the third day of the battle, his regiment took part in the repulse of Pickett’s Charge. Major Hill also served as a member of Smyth’s Brigade in Hays’ Division of the Second Corps, Army of the Potomac and was a member of the “Fighting 300 Regiment”.
Today two monuments stand in the Gettysburg National Military Park for the 12th New Jersey Infantry. Major Hill would survive the battle and lead his Jerseymen in the Mine Run Campaign. He resigned on February 24, 1864 due to poor health. He died March 1, 1891 at the age of fifty-three.
Hugh Hartshorne Janeway 1842-1865 Colonel – 1st NJ Cavalry
Born on Nov. 14, 1842 in Rahway, NJ, Colonel Janeway was a graduate of Princeton University and served as a Civil War Union Army Officer. Colonel Hugh H. Janeway volunteered at the outbreak of the Civil War and was granted permission to establish and command the 1st NJ Volunteer Cavalry. He fought for four years and was killed in action a few days before Lee’s surrender. He died on Apr. 5, 1865 in Amelia Springs, Virginia.
Jacob Jones Janeway 1840-1926 Brevet Colonel -14th NJ Cavalry
Born on March 15, 1840, Lt. Colonel Janeway served three years in the Union Army rising to the rank of Colonel commanding the 14th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. After the war he entered the wallpaper business of Janeway Company. He died on Jul. 30, 1926.
Joshua Blackwood Howell Janeway 1838-1920 Chaplain, 199 PA Infantry
Joshua Blackwood Howell Janeway was born in 1838 and served during the Civil War as Chaplain of the 199th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. He died in 1920.
Adam Geipel 1836-1925 Corporal – 14th NJ Infantry
Adam Geipel was born in 1836 and served as a Corporal for 3 years in the 14th NJ Infantry. He was wounded in the Civil War and lost an eye but survived the war. He is memorialized in the former German Reformed Church (now the United Church of Christ) in New Brunswick. A stained glass window depicts him kneeling before Jesus who is blessing his eyes, grateful to the Almighty for saving his sight in spite of his wounds.
A Civil War Map and Walking Tour brochure can be downloaded or is available from the Elmwood Cemetery offices.